Shoulder injuries are widespread for overhand athletes. Softball and baseball players commonly suffer from these injuries, but volleyball, tennis, and track and field throwing athletes can be at risk for injury. Here are some common injuries of overhand athletes:
The bursa is a fluid-filled sac that reduces friction around the tendons and bones. It allows the tendons to move smoothly. The bursa's irritation and inflammation is a condition known as bursitis and can be caused by both trauma and overuse. Conservative options to treat bursitis include rest, anti-inflammatory medications, and physical therapy. If bursitis does not respond well to these treatments, cortisone injections can help reduce inflammation. Arthroscopic shoulder surgery can be performed to remove the bursa that is causing pain.
Internal impingement refers to the condition in the shoulder joint where the rotator cuff tendons are pinched between the humerus and glenoid. This results in injury or SLAP tears, and can cause instability of the shoulder as well.